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An update on methods for sarcopenia diagnosis: from bench to bedside

Andrea P. Rossi, Sofia Rubele, Alessia D'Introno, Elena Zoico, Piero Bradimarte, Giulia Amadio, Nicole Nori, Paola Gnerre, Gloria Mazzali, Francesco Fantin, Mauro Zamboni
  • Sofia Rubele
    Geriatric Section, Department of Medicine, University of Verona, Italy
  • Alessia D'Introno
    Geriatric Section, Department of Medicine, University of Bari, Italy
  • Elena Zoico
    Geriatric Section, Department of Medicine, University of Verona, Italy
  • Piero Bradimarte
    Geriatric Section, Department of Medicine, University of Verona, Italy
  • Giulia Amadio
    Geriatric Section, Department of Medicine, University of Verona, Italy
  • Nicole Nori
    Geriatric Section, Department of Medicine, University of Verona, Italy
  • Paola Gnerre
    Medicina Interna, Ospedale San Paolo, Savona, Italy
  • Gloria Mazzali
    Geriatric Section, Department of Medicine, University of Verona, Italy
  • Francesco Fantin
    Geriatric Section, Department of Medicine, University of Verona, Italy
  • Mauro Zamboni
    Geriatric Section, Department of Medicine, University of Verona, Italy

Abstract

Sarcopenia has been recognized as an age-related syndrome characterized by low muscle mass, low muscle strength, and low physical performance that is associated with increased likelihood of adverse outcomes including falls, fractures, hospitalization, frailty and mortality. Therefore, it is necessary to identify the condition early for applying intervention and prevention of the disastrous consequences of sarcopenia if left untreated. Clinical definition and diagnostic criteria for sarcopenia have been developed in the last years and different tools have been proposed for screening subjects with sarcopenia, evaluating the muscle mass, the muscle strength and the physical performance. In this review we analyzed the diagnostic criteria of sarcopenia and examined the current assessment tools used for the diagnosis and screening of sarcopenia.

Keywords

Sarcopenia; aging.

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Submitted: 2018-02-19 17:44:43
Published: 2018-06-20 12:31:19
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Copyright (c) 2018 Andrea P. Rossi, Sofia Rubele, Alessia D’Introno, Elena Zoico, Piero Brandimarte, Giulia Amadio, Nicole Nori, Paola Gnerre, Gloria Mazzali, Francesco Fantin, Mauro Zamboni

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