Management and recommendations for the prevention of contrast-induced acute kidney injury: state of the art in clinical practice
Contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) is defined as an acute kidney failure following iodine-based contrast medium administration determining relevant health and socio-sanitary implications. Knowledge of pathophysiology, early diagnosis, and prevention in patients at risk are critical points in CI-AKI management. Determination of risk and functional kidney evaluation must precede every iodine-based contrast medium (CM) administration in order to eventually introduce medical prophylaxis. Furthermore, early laboratoristic evaluation after iodine-based CM exposure should be performed for a prompt identification of acute kidney injury. Therefore, clinicians must know and strictly follow valid recommendations to minimize the development of complications.
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Copyright (c) 2018 Emanuele Valeriani, Luciana Locorriere, Giuseppina Beretta Anguissola, Angelo Lauria Pantano, Massimo Ciccozzi, Sebastiano Costantino, Silvia Angeletti, Silvia Spoto
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