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Hypercholesterolemia is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Lowering low-density lipoproteins-cholesterol (LDL-C) has been shown to decrease the risk of CVD and of all-cause mortality. For appropriate management, estimation of each individual’s total cardiovascular risk is critical, as patients should receive treatment according to their cardiovascular risk category as well as their LDL-C level. However, available data indicate that a large proportion of patients fail to achieve lipid goals despite treatment, and a significant percentage of patients are not able to tolerate statin treatment. Researchers have therefore focused considerable attention on the development of novel LDL-C-lowering agents that act via different mechanisms. Among the most recent advances in clinical development are the proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin 9 antibody inhibitors, including alirocumab and evolocumab, which appear particularly promising, with clinical trial data indicating these agents to be both well tolerated and highly efficacious in lowering LDL-C.