Primary hyperparathyroidism: epidemiology, clinical features, diagnostic tools and current management
AbstractPrimary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is a clinical condition characterized by overactive parathyroid gland secretion of parathyroid hormone with concurrent alteration of the phosphocalcemic metabolism. We present a literature review on primary hyperparathyroidism addressing key on clinical presentation, causes, medical and surgical treatment at the best of our knowledge. Based on this review we confirm the role of serum calcium and serum level examination, as well as we define the definitive treatment for PHPT being parathyroidectomy. In case of contraindication for surgery, medical treatment can play a relevant role.
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Copyright (c) 2015 Andrea Percivale, Paola Gnerre, Giulio Damonte, Sandra Buscaglia, Mario Monachesi, Lionello Parodi, Rodolfo Tassara, Gianluca Curletti, Giovanni Saccomani
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